The Big Ben was designed by Augustus Pugin in a neo-Gothic style and completed in 1859. The tower stands 315 feet (96 m) tall, and the climb from ground level to the belfry is 334 steps. Its base is square, measuring 39 feet (12 m) on each side. Dials of the clock are 23 feet (7.0 m) in diameter.
Opening its doors in 1759, the British Museum is unique in bringing together under one roof the cultures of the world, spanning continents and oceans. No other museum is responsible for collections of the same depth and breadth, beauty and significance.
Buckingham Palace has served as the official London residence of the UK’s sovereigns since 1837. Today it is the administrative headquarters of the Monarch. Although in use for the many official events and receptions held by The Queen, the State Rooms at Buckingham Palace are open to visitors every summer.
Canary Wharf is the secondary central business district of London on the Isle of Dogs. Along with the City of London, it is one of the main financial centres of the United Kingdom and the world It contains many of their tallest buildings, including the second-tallest in the UK, One Canada Square.
The Churchill War Rooms. During the Second World War a group of basement offices in Whitehall, known as the Cabinet War Rooms were occupied by leading government ministers, military strategists and the Prime Minister Winston Churchill. The rooms were used as a meeting place for the War Cabinet during air raids.
Hampton Court Palace construction began in 1515 for Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, a favourite of King Henry VIII. In 1529, as Wolsey fell from favour, the cardinal gave the palace to the king to check his disgrace. The palace went on to become one of Henry’s most favoured residences.
Kensington Palace has been a residence of the British Royal Family since the 17th century. Currently it is the official London residence of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, Princess Eugenie and her husband Jack Brooksbank, the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester, the Duke and Duchess of Kent, and Prince and Princess Michael of Kent.
Kew Gardens is a botanic garden in southwest London that houses the largest and most diverse botanical collections in the world. It has been founded in 1840, from the exotic garden at Kew Park in Middlesex, England.
The London Eye, or the Millennium Wheel, is Europe’s tallest cantilevered observation wheel and is the most popular paid tourist attraction in the United Kingdom with over 3.75 million visitors annually. The structure is 135 metres (443 ft) tall and the wheel has a diameter of 120 metres (394 ft).
The London Transport Museum is the world’s leading museum of urban transport. The collection includes more than 500,000 objects, from locomotives which powered the world’s first underground railway, to one of the most important collections of 20th century poster art.
Madame Tussauds is a wax museum in London. It has smaller museums in a number of other major cities. It was founded by wax sculptor Marie Tussaud and is a major tourist attraction in London. It displays the waxworks of famous and historical figures, as well as popular film and television characters from famous actors.
The National Gallery is an art museum in Trafalgar Square in the City of Westminster, in Central London. Founded in 1824, it houses a collection of over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900. In 2019, it was ranked seventh in the world on the List of most visited art museums.
The Natural History Museum is home to life and earth science specimens comprising some 80 million items within five main collections: botany, entomology, mineralogy, palaeontology and zoology. The museum is a centre of research specialising in taxonomy, identification and conservation.
The Palace of Westminster serves as the meeting place for both the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. From the 11th century,Westminster became the primary residence of the Kings of England until fire destroyed much of it in 1512.
Portobello Road is the world’s largest antiques market with over 1,000 dealers selling every kind of antique and collectible. Visitors flock from all over the world to discover one of London’s best loved landmarks which contains the most extensive selection of antiques in Britain.
The Royal Academy of Arts was founded through a personal act of King George III in 1768 with a mission to promote the arts of design in Britain through education and exhibition. The motive in founding the Academy was: to raise the professional status of the artist, and to arrange the exhibition of contemporary works of art.
Royal Museums Greenwich is an organisation comprising four museums in Greenwich, London.
The four museums are:
• National Maritime Museum
• Queen’s House
• Royal Observatory, Greenwich
• Cutty Sark
The Science Museum was founded in 1857 and today is one of the city’s major tourist attractions. It holds a collection of over 300,000 items, including such famous items as Stephenson’s Rocket, Puffing Billy, the first jet engine, the Apollo 10 command module, a reconstruction of Francis Crick and James Watson’s model of DNA.
The Sea Life London Aquarium is home to one of Europe’s largest collections of global marine life. It is located on the ground floor of County Hall on the South Bank of the River Thames in central London, near the London Eye. It opened in March 1997 and hosts about one million visitors each year.
St Paul’s Cathedral dates back to the original church on this site, founded in AD 604. The present cathedral, dating from 1697 was designed by Sir C. Wren.
Services held at St Paul’s have included the funerals of Admiral Nelson, the Duke of Wellington, Winston Churchill and Margaret Thatcher…
Tate Modern is Britain’s national gallery of international modern art. Based in the former Bankside Power Station, Tate holds the national collection of British art from 1900 to the present day and international modern and contemporary art. Tate Modern was opened by the Queen on 11 May 2000.
The Sherlock Holmes Museum is dedicated to the famous fictional detective Sherlock Holmes. The Georgian town house which the museum occupies as “221B Baker Street” was built in 1815, bearing the number 221B by permission of the City of Westminster, although it lies between numbers 237 and 241.
Tower Bridge has a long and fascinating history. Built between 1886 and 1894, the Bridge has spent more than a century as London’s defining landmark, an icon of London and the United Kingdom.
The bridge crosses the River Thames close to the Tower of London.
The Tower of London has played a prominent role in English history. It was besieged several times and it has been important to controlling the country. The Tower has served as an armoury, a treasury, a menagerie, the home of the Royal Mint, a public record office, and the home of the Crown Jewels of England.
Trafalgar Square’s name commemorates the Battle of Trafalgar, the British naval victory in the Napoleonic Wars over France and Spain that took place on 21 October 1805 off the coast of Cape Trafalgar. The 169-foot (52 m) Nelson’s Column at its centre is guarded by four lion statues.
The Victoria and Albert Museum is the world’s largest museum of applied and decorative arts and design, as well as sculpture, housing a permanent collection of over 2.27 million objects. It was founded in 1852 and named after Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. The official opening by Queen Victoria was on 20 June 1857.
Westminster Abbey is one of the United Kingdom’s most notable religious buildings and the traditional place of coronation and burial site for English and, later, British monarchs.
It was a Benedictine monastic church until the monastery was dissolved in 1539.
London Zoo is the world’s oldest scientific zoo. It was opened in London in 1828, and was originally intended to be used as a collection for scientific study. In 1831 or 1832, the animals of the Tower of London menagerie were transferred to the zoo. It was opened to the public in 1847.
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